Like amphetamine, methylphenidate MPH is a chiral compound which is composed of two isomers : d-threo-methylphenidate also known as dexmethylphenidated-methylphenidate, or d-MPH and l-threo-methylphenidate also known as l-methylphenidate or l-MPH.
Both isomers have the same chemical formula but are mirror images of each otherthe same way that a person's hands are the same but are mirror images of each other. Unlike amphetamine, the difference in pharmacological properties between d-MPH and l-MPH is significant, as l-MPH focalin xr fogyás felnőttek markedly inferior to d-MPH in its effects, which is due to a number of major differences between the isomers.
Non-stimulants[ edit ] Atomoxetine guanfacineand clonidine focalin xr fogyás felnőttek drugs approved for the treatment of ADHD that have been classified as "non-stimulant". Atomoxetine Atomoxetine is less effective than stimulants for ADHD, is associated with rare cases of liver damage,  :5 and carries a U.
FDA black box warning regarding suicidal ideation.
Nem stimuláló gyógyszerek az ADHD-hoz
Its beneficial actions are likely due to its ability to strengthen prefrontal cortical regulation of attention and behavior.
Clonidine was initially developed as a treatment for high blood pressure. Other[ edit ] Some medications used to treat ADHD are prescribed off-label outside the scope of their FDA-approved indications for various reasons. The U. The drugs below have not been through these tests, so the efficacy is unproven however these drugs have been licensed for other indications, so have been proven to be safe in those populations and proper dosage and usage instructions are not as well characterized.
Bupropion Bupropion is classified as an atypical antidepressant.
It is the most common off-label prescription előrehaladott fogyás dfw ADHD. It is commonly prescribed as a timed release formulation to decrease the risk of side effects. Modafinil A wakefulness-promoting agent that operates primarily as a selective, relatively weak, and atypical dopamine reuptake inhibitor.
Double-blind randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the efficacy and tolerability of modafinil in pediatric ADHD,   however there are risks of serious side effects such as skin reactions and modafinil is not recommended for use in children. Comparison[ edit ] The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate.